PSYCH-105 Industrial Psychology
Chapter 1: Nature and Scope of Industrial Psychology
Difference between Industrial Psychology and Industrial Sociology
Industrial psychology is a branch of psychology which studies human behaviour in industrial firms. Psychology is a normative science of behaviour which can be observed in the social, economical, educational and other spheres. Wherever there are human beings, their behaviour will be influenced by their relationships. If in the industrial field, human relations deteriorate, then the result is strikes and lockouts which have a widespread impact upon the economy of the nation. Since the future of every nation depends upon its industrial development and progress, this particular field of human behaviour becomes extremely important. It is the aim of industrial psychology to study the principles governing human behaviour in the organisational setting.
Industrial sociology studies problems concerning human relations in industry from the sociological point of view. Even when working in an industry, the individual is never alone because he constantly comes into contact with other workers, supervisors, managers and industrialists. In business, the worker has to deal with all kinds of people.
Psychology pertains to the study of the human mind
Sociology pertains to learning human behaviour
Psychology can be said to be a science that deals with individual mental behaviour
Sociology is a science that deals with the origin and development of the human society
Psychology deals with individuals or small groups
Sociology deals with a larger group or the society itself
Psychology deals with human emotions
Sociology deals with the interaction of people
Psychology can be termed as an experimental process
Whereas sociology as an observational process