PSYCH-105 Industrial Psychology
Chapter 7: Leadership
Functions / Role of Leader
1. Setting Goals
Provides guidance to group by setting goals and explaining them to his subordinates.
By assigning roles appropriate to individual abilities
A leader proves to be playing an incentive role in the concern’s working. He motivates the employees with economic and non-economic rewards and thereby gets the work from the subordinates.
Co-ordination can be achieved through reconciling personal interests with organizational goals. This synchronization can be achieved through proper and effective co-ordination which should be primary motive of a leader.
Represent the group to his superiors and peers. Also defend the integrity of the group by reconciling different viewpoints of group members.
Maintain order and discipline and creates positive response on the part of members of the group.
7. Initiates Action
Leader is a person who starts the work by communicating the policies and plans to the subordinates from where the work actually starts.
8. Creating Confidence
Confidence is an important factor which can be achieved through expressing the work efforts to the subordinates, explaining them clearly their role and giving them guidelines to achieve the goals effectively. It is also important to hear the employees with regards to their complaints and problems.
9. Builds Work Environment
Management is getting things done from people. An efficient work environment helps in sound and stable growth. Therefore, human relations should be kept into mind by a leader. He should have personal contacts with employees and should listen to their problems and solve them. He should treat employees on humanitarian terms.
10. Proper Use of Power
Leader can use power like reward power, coercive power, expert power formal or informal power to stimulate positive response from his subordinates.
11. Providing Guidance
A leader has to not only supervise but also play a guiding role for the subordinates. Guidance here means instructing the subordinates the way they have to perform their work effectively and efficiently.