PSYCH-105 Industrial Psychology
Chapter 16: Psychological Tests
A job interview is a type of employment test that involves a conversation between a job applicant and representative of the employing organization. Interviews are one of the most popularly used devices for employee selection. Interviews vary in the extent to which the questions are structured, from totally unstructured and free-wheeling conversation, to a set list of questions each applicant is asked. Research has shown that structured interviews are more valid than unstructured, that is, they are more accurate in predicting which applicants will make good employees.
The main purposes of the job interview are:
For the interviewee:
- To communicate information about them, their job experience, and their abilities
- To seek further information about the job and the organization
- To make a tentative decision about the match between your needs and what the job offers
For the interviewer:
- To meet and personally evaluate the candidate.
- To gather relevant information about the candidate, including previous job experience, if he/she have strong skills to meet the technical requirements of the role or not.
- To promote the organization and find the best match between the organization and prospective employees.
- To answer the applicants’ questions and address any concerns.