KNC501/KNC601 Constitution of India, Law and Engineering
Chapter 12: Tort law
Difference between Tort and Crime
A Crime is wrongdoing which hampers the social order of the society we live in.
A Tort is wrongdoing which hampers the individual or his property.
Crime happens mostly intentionally. It is a deliberate act which people do to get some unlawful benefits.
It happens mostly due to negligence. Tort is hardly intentional. But it is still damaging to the individual.
Crime impacts the well-being of society in general. The legal bodies try to give proportional punishment to law offenders in order to maintain peace in society.
Tort impacts the well-being of the individual. The aggrieved party seeks compensation for the damages.
Crimes are presented in the Criminal Court.
Torts are presented in the Civil Court.
Compensation for crimes is already mentioned in the book of law. Whenever the court has to decide the amount of compensation, they simply refer to the law book. In certain cases, judges use their personal judgments too.
Compensation for torts is given on the basis of the damages to the aggrieved party.