KNC501/KNC601 Constitution of India, Law and Engineering
Chapter 2: Indian Constitution
Fundamental rights are those rights that are essential for the intellectual, moral, and spiritual development of citizens of India. As these rights are fundamental or essential for the existence and all-around development of individuals, they are called ‘Fundamental rights’. These are enshrined in Part III (Articles 12 to 35) of the Constitution of India.
There are six fundamental rights recognised by the Indian constitution-
- Right to equality (Articles. 14-18)
- Right to Freedom (Articles. 19-22)
- Right Against Exploitation (Articles. 23-24)
- Right to Freedom of Religion (Articles. 25-28)
- Cultural and Educational Rights (Articles. 29-30), and
- Right to Constitutional Remedies (Articles. 32-35)
- The right to equality includes equality before the law, the prohibition of discrimination on grounds of religion, race, caste, gender, or place of birth, equality of opportunity in matters of employment, the abolition of untouchability, and the abolition of titles.
- The right to freedom includes freedom of speech and expression, assembly, association or union or cooperatives, movement, residence, and right to practice any profession or occupation.
- The right against exploitation prohibits all forms of forced labour, child labour, and trafficking of human beings. Children under the age of 14 are not allowed to work.
- The right to freedom of religion includes freedom of conscience and free profession, practice, and propagation of religion, freedom to manage religious affairs, freedom from certain taxes, and freedom from religious instructions in certain educational institutes.
- The cultural and educational rights preserve the right of any section of citizens to conserve their culture, language, or script, and the right of minorities to establish and administer educational institutions of their choice.
- The right to constitutional remedies is present for the enforcement of fundamental rights.