KNC501/KNC601 Constitution of India, Law and Engineering

Chapter 9: The Court System in India and Foreign Courtiers

Unit 1

Unit 2

Unit 3

Unit 4

Unit 5

Appendix

High Courts

  • The High Court of a State is the highest court of the State and all other courts of the State work under it.
  • Normally there is one High Court in every State but there can be only one High Court for two or more States as well (Article 231), according to the constitution.
  • There are 25 High Courts in India.
  • The Calcutta High Court, established in 1862, is the oldest High Court in India. The Bombay and Madras High Courts were also established in the same year.
  • The newest High Courts are the Telangana Court and Andhra Pradesh High Court, both established in the year 2019.
  • In every High Court, there is a Chief Justice and many other judges whose number is defined by the President of India.
  • The Bombay, Madras and Calcutta High Courts are the three Chartered High Courts in India
  • The Madras Law Journal, published from the Madras High Court, was the first journal in India dedicated to reporting judgements of a Court (1891).

Total High Courts in India:

  • The total number of high courts in India is 25. The list High Courts for all states and union territories with established year is given below:

List of High Courts in India

Name

Year

Territorial 
Jurisdiction

Seat

Kolkata

1862

West Bengal, Andman & Nicobar Islands

Kolkata ( Bench of port Blair)

Bombay

1862

Maharastra, Dadar, & Nagar Haveli. Goa, Daman  Diu

Mumbai (Bench at Panaji, Aurangabad and Nagpur)

Chennai

1862

Tamil Nadu & Pondicherry

Chennai (Bench at Madurai)

Allahabad

1866

Utter Pradesh

Allahabad (Bench at Lucknow)

Karnataka

1884

Karnataka

Bengaluru (Bench at Dharwad and Gulbarga)

Patna

1916

Bihar

Patna

Jammu & Kashmir

1928

Jammu & Kashmir

Sri Nagar & Jammu

Punjab & Haryana

1947

Punjab, Haryana, Chandigarh

Chandigarh

Guwahati

1948

Assam, Nagaland, Mizoram and Arunachal Pradesh

Guwahati (Bench at Kohima, Aizawl and Itanagar

Orissa

1948

Orissa

Cuttack

Rajasthan

1949

Rajasthan

Jodhpur ( Bench – Jaipur)

Madhya Pradesh

1956

Madhya Pradesh

Jabalpur (Bench –Indore , Gwalior)

Kerala

1958

Kerala & Lakshadweep

Ernakulam

Gujarat

1960

Gujarat

Ahmedabad

Delhi

1966

Delhi

Delhi

Himachal Pradesh

1966

Himachal Pradesh

Shimla

Sikkim

1975

Sikkim

Gangtok

Chhattisgarh

2000

Chhattisgarh

Bilaspur

Uttarakhand

2000

Uttarakhand

Nainital

Jharkhand

2000

Jharkhand

Ranchi

Tripura

2013

Tripura

Agartala

Manipur

2013

Manipur

Imphal

Meghalaya

2013

Meghalaya

Shillong

Andhra Pradesh

2019

Andhra Pradesh

Amravati

Telangana

2019

Telangana

Hyderabad

Author – Dilip Kumar Rawat

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