KNC501/KNC601 Constitution of India, Law and Engineering
Chapter 9: The Court System in India and Foreign Courtiers
- The High Court of a State is the highest court of the State and all other courts of the State work under it.
- Normally there is one High Court in every State but there can be only one High Court for two or more States as well (Article 231), according to the constitution.
- There are 25 High Courts in India.
- The Calcutta High Court, established in 1862, is the oldest High Court in India. The Bombay and Madras High Courts were also established in the same year.
- The newest High Courts are the Telangana Court and Andhra Pradesh High Court, both established in the year 2019.
- In every High Court, there is a Chief Justice and many other judges whose number is defined by the President of India.
- The Bombay, Madras and Calcutta High Courts are the three Chartered High Courts in India
- The Madras Law Journal, published from the Madras High Court, was the first journal in India dedicated to reporting judgements of a Court (1891).
Total High Courts in India:
The total number of high courts in India is 25. The list High Courts for all states and union territories with established year is given below:
List of High Courts in India
West Bengal, Andman & Nicobar Islands
Kolkata ( Bench of port Blair)
Maharastra, Dadar, & Nagar Haveli. Goa, Daman Diu
Mumbai (Bench at Panaji, Aurangabad and Nagpur)
Tamil Nadu & Pondicherry
Chennai (Bench at Madurai)
Allahabad (Bench at Lucknow)
Bengaluru (Bench at Dharwad and Gulbarga)
Jammu & Kashmir
Jammu & Kashmir
Sri Nagar & Jammu
Punjab & Haryana
Punjab, Haryana, Chandigarh
Assam, Nagaland, Mizoram and Arunachal Pradesh
Guwahati (Bench at Kohima, Aizawl and Itanagar
Jodhpur ( Bench – Jaipur)
Jabalpur (Bench –Indore , Gwalior)
Kerala & Lakshadweep