Labour Law – Introduction

KNC501/KNC601 Constitution of India, Law and Engineering

Chapter 13: Law at workplace

Unit 1

Unit 2

Unit 3

Unit 4

Unit 5



Indian labour laws are made to define clear cut relations between employees and employers. Indian labour laws are made to safeguard the interests of the workers. 

In the outbreak of the COVID-19, many states have relaxed the labour laws in the favour of the employers/investors so that foreign investment can be attracted in their states. This relaxation may cause violation of labour laws in India.

The below are some important labour laws in India. These laws have many provisions to safe the interests of workers of organised and unorganised sectors in India. Labour comes under the concurrent list of the Indian Constitution.

List of major Labour law Acts in India

Some important labour laws and their provisions.

  1. Worker’s Compensation Act, 1923
  2. The Trade Unions Act, 1926
  3. Payment of Wages Act, 1936 
  4. Industrial Employment (Standing Orders) Act, 1946
  5. Indian Industrial Disputes Act, 1947
  6. Minimum Wages Act, 1948
  7. Factories Act, 1948
  8. Maternity Benefits Act, 1961
  9. Payment of Bonus Act, 1965′
  10. MRTU and PULP Act, 1971
  11. The Payments of Gratuity Act, 1972
  12. Labour Law Compliance Rules
  13. Employees Provident Fund
  14. Employees’ State Insurance
  15. Collective Bargaining
  16. Unorganized Workers’ Social Security Act, 2009
  17. Sexual Harassment of Women at Workplace Act, 2013

Author – Dilip Kumar Rawat

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