KNC501/KNC601 Constitution of India, Law and Engineering
Chapter 2: Indian Constitution
The Constitution of India also recognized it and the Article 40 of the Directive Principles of State Policy lays down that “The State shall take steps to organize village panchayats and endow them with such powers and authority as may be necessary to enable them to function as units of self-government”.
Types of Local-Self Government
Mention the three types of local self-governing
- Panchayati Raj or Gram Panchayat.
- Block Samiti.
- Zila Parishad.
The Government of India Act of 1919 made Local Self Government a subject of responsibility for the popular ministry and this gave an impetus to the Government of Local bodies A beginning in responsible Government was made in the provinces by introducing, a diarchy system of Government.
Why do we need Local-Self Government?
Local self-government is required because problems at the local level are best solved by local governments. Problems like drainage, road maintenance, maintaining records of birth and death etc. cannot be properly dealt with by central and state governments.
Responsibilities of Local-Self Government
Local authorities are multi-purpose bodies responsible for delivering a broad range of services in relation to roads; traffic; planning; housing; economic and community development; environment, recreation, and amenity services; fire services and maintaining the register of electors.
Disadvantage of Local-Self Government
- There is no proper distribution of power.
- Insufficient funds – this problem hinders the actual purpose of self-government due to limited financial powers.
- Indirect election to the Panchayati Raj allows for corrupt practices.
Enforcement of the Constitution
26 January 1950: The Constitution Was Legally Enforced passed by the Constituent Assembly on 26 November 1949, it came into effect on 26 January 1950. The date 26 January was chosen to commemorate the declaration of Purna Swaraj (complete Independence) of 1930.