Powers and Functions of the Prime Minister

KNC501/KNC601 Constitution of India, Law and Engineering

Chapter 5: Prime Minister of India

Unit 1

Unit 2

Unit 3

Unit 4

Unit 5


Powers and Functions of the Prime Minister

The main functions of the Prime Minister related to the Council of Ministers are as follows:

    1.  The Prime Minister recommends the names of members of his team to appoint as a Minister. The President can only make those people as ministers whose names are recommended by the Prime Minister.
    2. Prime Minister determines which department will be given to which minister and he can also change the allotted department of any Minister.
    3. He also presides over the meeting of the Council of Ministers and can change the decisions according to his wishes.
    4. He can ask any minister to resign or advise the president to dismiss him in case of differences of opinion.
    5. He also controls and directs the activities of all Ministers.
    6. He can bring about the collapse of the Council of Ministers by resigning from office.

Note: If the Prime Minister resigns from his post or dies, then other ministers can’t do any work, which means the Council of Ministers dissolves itself with the death/resignation of the Prime Minister.

The Prime Minister has the right to give advice to the President in relation to the appointment of the following officers:

    1. The Comptroller and Auditor General of India
    2. Attorney-General of India
    3. Solicitor General of India
    4. President of the Union Public Service Commission and its members
    5. Election Commissioners
    6. Chairman and Members of the Finance Commission.

Other powers of the Prime Minister

    1. He plays an important role in shaping the foreign policy of the nation.
    2. He is the chief spokesman of the Central Government.
    3. He is the leader of the ruling party.
    4. He is ex-officio Chairman of the Planning Commission (now NITI Aayog), National Development Council, National Integration Council, Inter-State Council and National Water Resources Council.
    5. He is the crisis manager-in-chief at the political level during emergencies.
    6. He is the political head of the armies.

Author – Dilip Kumar Rawat

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