KNC501/KNC601 Constitution of India, Law and Engineering
Chapter 5: Prime Minister of India
Powers and Functions of the Prime Minister
The main functions of the Prime Minister related to the Council of Ministers are as follows:
- The Prime Minister recommends the names of members of his team to appoint as a Minister. The President can only make those people as ministers whose names are recommended by the Prime Minister.
- Prime Minister determines which department will be given to which minister and he can also change the allotted department of any Minister.
- He also presides over the meeting of the Council of Ministers and can change the decisions according to his wishes.
- He can ask any minister to resign or advise the president to dismiss him in case of differences of opinion.
- He also controls and directs the activities of all Ministers.
- He can bring about the collapse of the Council of Ministers by resigning from office.
Note: If the Prime Minister resigns from his post or dies, then other ministers can’t do any work, which means the Council of Ministers dissolves itself with the death/resignation of the Prime Minister.
The Prime Minister has the right to give advice to the President in relation to the appointment of the following officers:
- The Comptroller and Auditor General of India
- Attorney-General of India
- Solicitor General of India
- President of the Union Public Service Commission and its members
- Election Commissioners
- Chairman and Members of the Finance Commission.
Other powers of the Prime Minister
- He plays an important role in shaping the foreign policy of the nation.
- He is the chief spokesman of the Central Government.
- He is the leader of the ruling party.
- He is ex-officio Chairman of the Planning Commission (now NITI Aayog), National Development Council, National Integration Council, Inter-State Council and National Water Resources Council.
- He is the crisis manager-in-chief at the political level during emergencies.
- He is the political head of the armies.