KNC501/KNC601 Constitution of India, Law and Engineering
Chapter 18: E-Governance and role of engineers in E-Governance
Role of I.T. Professionals in Judiciary
Technological Developments in the field of information and introduction of computers have made a turning point in the history of human civilization. It has brought about a sea change in all fields of human activity. It has resulted in enhanced efficiency, productivity, and quality of output in every walk of life.
Extensive use of Information Technology by diverse organizations the world over has resulted in enhanced efficiency, effectiveness and optimal use of resources. Computers as well as electronic communication devices such as facsimile machines, electronic mail, video conferencing, provide the ability to process large volumes of data with speed and accuracy, exchange of useful information between different locations and support a higher quality of decision making. These capabilities have contributed to more efficient and responsive systems not only in business organizations but also in legal, governmental and other public systems.
While the Information Revolution arrived in India some years ago, automation has not transformed all facets of life in equal measure. It has not permeated to the Subordinate judiciary, in particular, resulting in old work methods based on manual systems being continued even now. The enormous problems being faced by the judiciary due to arrears, backlogs, and delays can be partly resolved by the introduction of automation in subordinate courts.
The problems faced by courts, judiciary, and public seeking justice in terms of backlogs, delays and expense are well known. While there are many dimensions to these problems, improvements in operational efficiency, coordination, accessibility and speed which IT could bring about can contribute significantly towards improvement and alleviation of difficulties.
However, the present pace of development, particularly at the subordinate court level is too slow and is unlikely to have the desired impact in the near future. Massive problems need appropriately large commitments and major initiatives if a significant dent is to be made.
Most of the bottlenecks identified by Judicial Commissions and Committees referring to delays, arrears and backlog be partly overcome if a sound judicial management information system is introduced in India. Case Management, File Management, and Docket Management will be vastly improved by resorting to the use of computers.
The following are areas where the use of computers will result in enhanced productivity and reduction of delays.
- Legal Information Data Bases.
- On line query system for precedents, citations, codes, statutes etc.
- Generation of Cause List and online statistical reports.
- Online Caveat matching.
- Online updating of data, monitoring and “flagging” of events.
- Pooling of orders and judgments.
- Daily List generation with historical data of each case.
- Word processing with standard templates including generation of notices/processes.
- Access to international databases.
- Feedback reports for use of various levels.