Subordinate Courts

KNC501/KNC601 Constitution of India, Law and Engineering

Chapter 7: State Executives

Unit 1

Unit 2

Unit 3

Unit 4

Unit 5


Subordinate Courts in India

The District Courts of India are the district courts of the State governments in India for one or more districts together taking into account the number of cases, population distribution in the district.

They administer justice in India at a district level. These courts are under the administrative control of the High Court of the State to which the district concerned belongs. The decisions of the District court are subject to the appellate jurisdiction of the High court.

The provisions related to subordinate courts are provided in the 6th part of the Indian Constitution. Articles 233-237 deal with the subordinate courts.

Appointment of the District Judges as per Article 233

    1. Appointments and promotion of district judges in any state shall be made by the Governor of the state in consultation with the high court exercising jurisdiction in relation to such state.
    2. A person not already in the service of the Union or of the state shall only be eligible to be appoint a district judge if he has been for not less than 7 years an advocate or a pleader and is recommended by the high court for appointment.

Control over subordinate courts is the collective and individual responsibility of the High Court as it is the head of the judiciary in the state and has got administrative control over the subordinate courts in respect of certain matters.

Author – Dilip Kumar Rawat

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