KNC501/KNC601 Constitution of India, Law and Engineering

Chapter 12: Tort law

Unit 1

Unit 2

Unit 3

Unit 4

Unit 5

Appendix

The Four Elements

Torts are made up of four individual elements, all of which must be in place for a tort to exist.

• The presence of a duty. …
• The breach of a duty. …
• An injury. …
• The injury resulted from the breach.

Example:
Common torts include: assault, battery, damage to personal property, conversion of personal property, and intentional infliction of emotional distress. Injury to people may include emotional harm as well as physical harm.

Remedies of Tort:

The main remedy against tortious loss is compensation in damages or money. In a limited range of cases, tort law will tolerate self-help, such as reasonable force to expel a trespasser. This is a defense against the tort of battery.

Author – Dilip Kumar Rawat

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