KNC501/KNC601 Constitution of India, Law and Engineering

Chapter 12: Tort law

Unit 1

Unit 2

Unit 3

Unit 4

Unit 5

Appendix

Introduction

Tort law in India is a relatively new common law development supplemented by codifying statutes including statutes governing damages. … Tort is breach of some duty independent of contract which has caused damage to the plaintiff giving rise to civil cause of action and for which remedy is available.

 

Law of tort is comparatively common law development in India. It is supplemented by systematizing (codification) statutes including statutes having authority to grant damages and compensation. Where there is tort, there is remedy.

Which law in India governs Tort?

The law of torts in India is mainly the English law of torts which itself is based on the principles of the common law of England. This was made suitable to the Indian conditions appeasing to the principles of justice, equity and good conscience and as amended by the Acts of the legislature.

What are the three types of Torts in India?

There are three main types: 

  1. Intentional torts
  2. Negligence, and 
  3. Strict liability.

Negligence is the most common of tort cases. At its core negligence occurs when a tortfeasor, the person responsible for committing a wrong, is careless and therefore responsible for the harm this carelessness caused to another.

Author – Dilip Kumar Rawat

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