KVE301/KVE401 Universal Human Values and Professional Ethics
Chapter 15: Vision for Holistic Technologies, Production Systems and Management Models
The holistic criteria for evaluation
Modern technologies and systems are all human inventions in response to the needs visualized under the influence of the prevailing worldview. There are three broad criteria to guide the development of such technologies and systems, they are:
- Catering to appropriate needs of lifestyles
- People friendly
- Eco friendly
In addition, these have to promote local self-sufficiency and optimal utilization of local resources and expertise.
In accordance to the above general considerations, the specific criteria for judging the appropriateness of technologies, production systems and management models may be identified as follows:
Criteria for Technologies
- Catering to real human needs
- Compatible with natural systems and cycles
- Facilitating effective utilization of human body, animals, plants, and materials
- Safe, user-friendly, and conducive to health
- Promoting the use of renewable energy resources
- Low cost and energy-efficient
- Promoting decentralization
- Enhancing human interaction and cooperation
- Durability and life cycle recyclability of products etc.
For Production Systems
- Optimal utilization of local resources and expertise
- Economic viability and sustainability
- Priority for local consumption
- Decentralized systems capable of meaningful employment of people in the community
- Facilitating production by masses and not mass-produced in a centralized mode
- Ensuring requisite quality of production
- Using people-friendly and eco-friendly technologies
- Safe and conducive to the health of persons involved in production as well as others
- Promoting individual creativity and a sense of accomplishment
For Management Models
- The whole unit working as a well-knit family
- Cooperative and motivational
- Ensuring correct appraisal of human labor
- Effectively integrating individual competencies and complementarity
- Targeting employer – employee as well as consumer satisfaction and not profit maximization.
- Profession implies meaningful participation in the larger order including society and nature in the pursuance of comprehensive human goal and in the process also making available the necessary physical facilities for one’s family.
- Developing ethical competence in the individuals (professionals) is the only effective way to ensure professional ethics.
- The increase of unethical practices in various professions, the contradictions, and dilemmas are primarily due to the prevailing worldview focusing on profit maximization. These can only be resolved through the right understanding.